Project Cargo Loading supervision:
Project Cargo is a cargo or equipment/machinery part that may be large, heavy or out-of-gauge which may consist of high value or critical items, hence this requires specialized stowage,lifting,handling and typically consists of goods connected to the same project which may be loaded at different ports subject to the contract of carriage.
It is the Master’s responsibility to ensure that all cargo, whatever it is, safely stowed, properly secured and handled (loaded / discharged) with care and in accordance with the requirements of the charter party.
The Charter party may dictate specific responsibilities for the vessel owner, charterer and shipper such as the specific responsibility for stowage, lashing and securing of the cargo.
For example, there might be a requirement from either charterer’s and / or cargo insurer’s for the appointment of an independent marine warranty surveyor (MWS) to review, approve and monitor all loading and sea fastening operations.
Understanding the role of the attending surveyor and the scope of the nomination is very critical.
Project cargo loading supervision-The following regulations/publications/manuals are applicable and should be adhered to –
– Flag State and Classification Society Rules.
– Cargo Securing Manual.
– The CSS code (IMO Code of Practice for Cargo Stowage and Securing 2003)
The vessel’s cargo securing manual (CSM) is a key document in the shipment of project cargos.(ship specific loading, stowage & securing)
– Lash Con (or similar software) calculations to be verified.
The ship specific cargo securing manual (CSM) is based on the principles set out in the CSS code.
The ship owner and the ship operator should where necessary make use of relevant expertise when considering the shipment of a cargo with unusual characteristics which may require special attention to be given to its location on board vis a vis the structural strength of the ship, its stowage and securing and the weather conditions which may be expected during the intended voyage.
The Cargo Insurers may require the attendance and approval of a independent warranty surveyor during transportation and any recommendations made by the surveyor with respect to the transport/securing must be adhered to.
This does not remove or override the Master’s ultimate responsibility for the safety of crew, vessel and cargo.
The shipper’s may provide instructions for the safe and proper stowage and securing of the cargo.
These instructions may refer to matters such as whether the cargo unit can be over stowed (i.e can other items be stacked on top of it), the lashing and securing of the cargo (including the suitable lashing points on the cargo), the preferred stowage location (such as whether it can or cannot be stowed on deck).
For complicated shipments, particularly those for large heavy items – a detailed transport manual or method statement should be provided.
Cargo owners should ensure that this is provided in a timely manner.
Project cargo loading supervision-This is normally provided by the shippers to all relevant parties and should document all required procedures for the safe and proper shipment of the cargo including –
– Management of the project, responsibilities and key contacts.
– Details of the cargo.
– Details of the vessel.
– Vessel strength and stability.
– Port details.
– Loading procedures including any heavy lifts and if necessary transportation to the loading berth.
– Stowage requirements.
– Lashing and securing requirements including details of all lashing, securing & lifting gear.
– Voyage plan including contingency procedures and ports of refuge.
– Discharge procedures.
The transport manual or method statement should be compiled as this defines the procedure of the entire shipment.
It should have been reviewed by people with specialist knowledge required for critical shipments such as marine warranty surveyor (MWS) or independent cargo superintendent and signed off.